Housebreaking problems occur not only in young puppies, but many times in older dogs. Many dogs wind up in pounds and shelters because of such problems!
There is no special trick involved in potty training your puppy or older dog. No magic remedy.....in fact, NO special skill as a dog trainer is needed to accomplish this feat. All that is required is a commitment on the dog owner's part to STRICTLY supervise and regulate your dog's schedule during the housebreaking process. The key elements to success are: CONSISTENCY and SUPERVISION. Unfortunately, these two elements are the two things that many dog owners fail to do, and this failure has been the undoing of many housebreaking attempts.
It is really not difficult to be consistent. It is just a matter of observing the puppy and being aware of the natural schedule that he is keeping with his "bathroom habits". In general, be aware that puppies must ALWAYS be taken out for a potty break, IMMEDIATELY upon waking and IMMEDIATELY after eating or drinking water. Of course it doesn't end there! They will also need to go out on a fairly frequent basis between these two activities as well. Young puppies need to go quite often until they achieve better physical control of their bladder. As you observe your puppy, you will begin to be aware of his "schedule", and it will be easier for you to know when he must go out.
Crate training is the easiest way to housebreak your puppy or older dog. Crating your dog is not cruel, and if done properly, your dog will not only not resent it, but will ENJOY having a crate!
Whether an older dog or puppy, dogs have a natural "denning" instinct, which means that they feel safe and secure in a slightly confining area such as a crate. Most dogs, if they do not have a crate, will seek out a small, comfortable "nook", ( a corner, under the table, behind the couch, ect.) to curl up in rather than stretching out in the middle of the floor. A puppy who is crate trained, sees the crate as his own private, secure " apartment", where he can go to relax. Most people who have used a crate for housebreaking, keep the crate long after it is really needed, and most dogs who have been crate trained will go into the crate for a nap on their own if the door is left open!
Crate training works so well because most dogs LIKE to be clean and will not dirty an area where they must stay.
If you do not use a crate while housetraining your puppy, it is virtually impossible to observe the puppy every minute.